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Finding the Trim or Sub-model of the Vehicle

• The trim/sub-model of the vehicle is often stated on the back of the car, for example: LE is the trim for the Toyota Camry, and SEL is the trim for the Ford Fusion.

NOTE: If you are unsure about the trim/sub-model of your vehicle, give your dealership a call to get the exact trim specifications.

Solid vs. Vented Rotors

• Solid disc brake rotor has One solid brake disc

• Vented disc brake rotor has Two brake discs conjoined at the middle by vanes or lined structures

NOTE: If you have solid rotors on your vehicle, you cannot replace or upgrade them to vented rotors. The same applies to vented rotors.

• Purchasing a conversion kit would allow you to replace solid rotors with vented rotors. However, we do not recommend this; it is a very costly operation and does not improve your braking performance in any way.

Single vs. Dual Piston Calipers

When you remove your wheel & look at the backside of the calliper:

• Two Smaller Pistons = Dual Piston Calliper

• Single Large Piston = Single Piston Calliper

NOTE: There are also 4 pistons, 6 piston and 8 piston callipers which are usually found on heavy duty and high-performance vehicles. Regular vehicle models will use single or dual piston callipers for the most part (most of the time).

Rotors vs. Drums

• Disc Brakes: Flat, Disk-Shaped Metal. Uses Brake Pads

• Drum Brakes: Wide Cylinder with an open back, resembling the top of a drum. Uses Brake Shoes

FYI: Most recent vehicle models have eliminated the use of brake drums

NOTE: There are also 4 pistons, 6 piston and 8 piston callipers which are usually found on heavy duty and high-performance vehicles. Regular vehicle models will use single or dual piston callipers for the most part (most of the time).

Number of Lugs of your Rotor

• The number of lugs (mounting holes, studs or bolts) on the rotor hat can vary depending on the sub-model or trim of the vehicle.

NOTE: In some instances, we may need to know the diameter size of the lug to confirm fitment.

Finding the Diameter Size of your Rotors

• CALL THE DEALERSHIP: This is the best & easiest way to obtain diameter size information. With your VIN# and they will be able to provide you with the exact diameter size of your rotors.

• MEASURE IT YOURSELF: If calling the dealership is not an option for you, you can instead measure it yourself. On the face of the rotor, measure from one side to the other (usually measured in mm or inches).

Anti-Rust Coating Behaviour

• The Anti-rust coating around the braking areas of the rotor will eventually wear off after use.

This is normal and unavoidable. However, the hat, vents and other parts of the rotor where the pads do not come into contact will remain protected.

• Rust will eventually build up around the braking surface of the rotors if your vehicle remained stationary or exposed to natural elements for a prolonged period.

• This builds up of rust will scrape off right away as soon as you put your vehicle in motion and let the brake pads clean the rust off the braking surface of your rotors.

Benefits of Slotted & Cross Drilled Rotors

• Cross drilled holes aid air ventilation and heat dissipation

• Slots increase brake pads bite

• Slots on the rotor eject water and prevent Brake Pad hydroplaning

• Slots vent gas during brake fade

Benefits of Ceramic Brake Pads

• MINIMAL NOISE: Ceramic brake pads are very quiet because of their composition, and also put less stress on your rotors when you brake.

• LOW BRAKE DUST: Ceramic brake pads produce less brake dust in comparison to other brake pad compositions.

• TEMPERATURE & DRIVING CONDITIONS: Ceramic brake pads are very suitable if you are a regular daily driver. They are reliable in most ranges of temperatures and driving conditions.

Benefits of Metallic Brake Pads

• STRONGER GRIP & STOPPING POWER: Metallic pads offer a stronger bite on your pads, making them the ideal choice for heavy-duty or performance-focused vehicles. Metallic pads will fulfill your heavy-duty needs.

• TEMPERATURE & DRIVING CONDITIONS: Metallic composition pads are able to withstand higher and lower temperature ranges without losing braking performance, and help transfer heat from the braking system to cool down quicker.

NOTE: Although Metallic Brake pads are a bit noisier and produce more brake dust than ceramic brakes, understanding the trade-off will help you determine whether ceramic or metallic brake pads suit your needs.

Indicators of Worn or Warped Brake Rotors

• Sluggish stopping or poor brake response: If you notice that the brake pedal is going down farther than normal when pressing the brakes, this could be an indication that the brake pads or rotors are worn down and need to be replaced. This could also be an indication that the brake fluid level is low.

• Steering Wheel shaking or rattling when braking: When pressing down on the brake pedal, warped or worn rotors will cause chattering from the wheelbase. This happens because warped rotors are pushing the brake pads out while the callipers are squeezing them in. The faster you are moving, the more violent the shaking and chattering will be. Uneven brake pad bite can cause fading and loss of stopping power.

• Grinding noise while braking: This is typically a sign that your brake pads are worn down to the metal, and/or that the rotors are worn out.